"Bertha"

During WW1 there were many new inventions of warfare. One of the most important inventions was the Maxim Gun. Invented in 1884, by Sir Hiram Maxim, a British inventor and engineer. By 1914, every powerful nation had a compact design of the maxim gun. It was the first true machine gun of its time.external image maxim-no-cool.jpg

Another great invention at the time was the WW1 Tank. First produced in 1917 by Great Britan. The primary armourment was two 6 pound guns. The top speed of the tank was 4 mph. The range was 22 miles. When this tank first came into battle at the Somme, German troops fled in terror from their trenches. The first WW1 tanks performed poorly in combat and commanders did not know how to use tanks in combat. By 1918, the tanks were redesigned and were used in numbers to take over enemy grounds. The age of tank warfare had begun.
WW1 Tank
WW1 Tank
WWI Tank
WWI Tank
Here is a link for a short video of the WW1 Tank. http://military.discovery.com/videos/top-10-tanks/


Poison gas, when this biological weapon was born, was know as chlorine gas. Germany first used this kind of gas in large masses. It was originally produced by the French in 1914. The tear-gas grenades were shot through artillery and landed in the enemy trenches. Later on in the war, the German army had made a new kind of poision gas, called mustard gas. This gas was heavier than chlorine gas, causing oxgen to evaporate. The response to the gas was causing very large KIA's in the war. Eventually inventors invented the gas mask so that troops would not be affected by the gas. Still, there were many troops dying of cancer even with the mask.
British gas mask
British gas mask
French gun crew wearing gas gear
French gun crew wearing gas gear
French soldier wearing a respirator
French soldier wearing a respirator

Mar 23, 1918, Germany initiated the use of a terrifying new weapon—the Paris Gun—as it was called, because it was first used against that city. The great gun, with a 25-foot carriage, was first used in combat when it was fired from a wooded location near Laon on Mar 23, 1918. It took 176 seconds for a shell to reach the city from a distance of 75 miles. On that first day. 15 shots killed 16 individuals. Ridiculing the designers and manufacturers of the weapon, Parisians nicknamed the gun “Big Bertha”, after the wife of the head of the Munitions Corporation. On Good Friday, Mar 29, 1918, a shell from the armourment struck the church of Saint Gervais, which was crowded with worshipers. The casualty toll was 88 dead and 68 injured.external image be4f92925252e4e0
"Bertha"
"Bertha"

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ThomasS